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List of highest-grossing films

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Template:Pp-semi-indef Films generate income from several revenue streams including theatrical exhibition, home video, television broadcast rights and merchandising. However, theatrical box office earnings are the primary metric for trade publications (such as Box Office Mojo and Variety) in assessing the success of a film, mostly due to the availability of the data compared to sales figures for home video and broadcast rights, and also due to historical practice. Included on the list are charts of the top box-office earners (ranked by both the nominal and real value of their revenue), a chart of high-grossing films by calendar year, a timeline showing the transition of the highest-grossing film record, and a chart of the highest-grossing film franchises and series. All charts are ranked by international theatrical box office performance where possible, excluding income derived from home video, broadcasting rights and merchandise.

Traditionally, war films, musicals and historical dramas have been the most popular genres, but franchise films have been the best performers in the 21st century, with films from the Harry Potter, Middle-Earth and Pirates of the Caribbean series dominating the top end of the list. Since Superman (1978) there has been new interest in the superhero genre; Batman from DC Comics and films based on the Marvel Comics brand such as Spider-Man, X-Men and films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe have all done particularly well. The only films in the top ten that do not form a franchise are the top two, Avatar and Titanic, both directed by James Cameron. Animated family films have performed consistently well, with Disney films enjoying lucrative re-releases prior to the home video era. Disney enjoyed later success with its Pixar brand, of which the Toy Story films and Finding Nemo have been the best performers; beyond Pixar animation, the Shrek, Ice Age and Madagascar series have met with the most success.

While inflation has eroded away the achievements of most films from the 1960s and 1970s, there are franchises originating from that period that are still active: James Bond and Star Trek films are still being released periodically, and the Star Wars saga was reprised after a lengthy hiatus; Indiana Jones also saw a successful comeback after lying dormant for nearly twenty years. All four are still among the highest-grossing franchises, despite starting over thirty years ago. Some of the older films that held the record of highest-grossing film still have respectable grosses even by today's standards, but do not really compete against today's top-earners: Gone with the Wind for instance—which was the highest-grossing film for twenty-five years—does not even make the top fifty in the modern market, but, adjusted for inflation, it would still be the highest-grossing film. All grosses on the list are expressed in US dollars at their nominal value, except where stated otherwise.

Highest-grossing films Edit

File:Cameronavatar.jpg

With a worldwide box-office gross of about $2.8 billion, Avatar is often proclaimed to be the "highest-grossing" film, but such claims usually refer to theatrical revenues only and do not take account of home video and television income, which can form a significant portion of a film's earnings. Once revenue from home entertainment is factored in it is not immediately clear which film is the most successful. In addition to the $1.8 billion Titanic grossed during its original theatrical run, it also earned a further $1.2 billion from video and DVD sales and rentals.[1] While complete sales data is not available for Avatar, it earned $190 million from the sale of ten million DVD and Blu-ray units in North America,[2] and sold a total of thirty million units worldwide.[3] After home video income is accounted for, both films have earned over $3 billion. Television broadcast rights will also substantially add to a film's earnings, with a film often earning as much as 20–25% of its theatrical box-office for a couple of television runs on top of pay-per-view revenues;[4] Titanic earned $55 million from just the US broadcast rights alone for its initial television run (equating to about 9% of its North American gross).[1]

When a film is highly exploitable as a commercial property, its ancillary revenues from merchandising can dwarf its income from direct film sales.[5] Pixar's Cars earned $461 million in theatrical revenues[6]—which was only a modest hit by comparison to other Pixar films[7]—but generated merchandise sales approaching $10 billion in the five years after its 2006 release,[8] the most revenue ever generated by a single film.[9]

Only the revenues from theatrical exhibition at their nominal value are included here, which sees Avatar rank in the top position. Sixteen films in total have grossed in excess of $1 billion worldwide. The films on this chart have all had a theatrical run (including re-releases) since 1996, and films that have not played since then do not appear on the chart due to ticket-price inflation, population size and ticket purchasing trends not being considered. The most represented year is 2012 with seven films.

Template:Legend
Highest-grossing films[10]
Rank Title Worldwide gross Year Ref
1 Avatar $2,782,275,172 2009 [# 1]
2 Titanic $2,185,372,302 1997 [# 2]
3 The Avengers $1,511,757,910 2012 [# 3]
4 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 $1,341,511,219 2011 [# 4]
5 Iron Man 3 film currently playing $1,205,506,000 2013 [# 5]
6 Transformers: Dark of the Moon $1,123,746,996 2011 [# 6]
7 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King $1,119,929,521 2003 [# 7]
8 Skyfall $1,108,561,013 2012 [# 8]
9 Dark Knight Rises, TheThe Dark Knight Rises $1,084,439,099 2012 [# 9]
10 Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest $1,066,179,725 2006 [# 10]
11 Toy Story 3 $1,063,171,911 2010 [# 11]
12 Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides $1,043,871,802 2011 [# 12]
13 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace $1,027,044,677 1999 [# 13]
14 Alice in Wonderland $1,024,299,904 2010 [# 14]
15 Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, TheThe Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey $1,017,003,568 2012 [# 15]
16 Dark Knight, TheThe Dark Knight $1,004,558,444 2008 [# 16]
17 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone $974,755,371 2001 [# 17]
18 Jurassic Park $969,851,882 1993 [# 18]
19 Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End $963,420,425 2007 [# 19]
20 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 $960,283,305 2010 [# 20]
21 Lion King, TheThe Lion King $951,583,777 1994 [# 21]
22 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix $939,885,929 2007 [# 22]
23 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince $934,416,487 2009 [# 23]
24 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers $926,047,111 2002 [# 24]
25 Finding Nemo $921,743,261 2003 [# 25]
26 Shrek 2 $919,838,758 2004 [# 26]
27 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire $896,911,078 2005 [# 27]
28 Spider-Man 3 $890,871,626 2007 [# 28]
29 Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs $886,686,817 2009 [# 29]
30 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets $878,979,634 2002 [# 30]
31 Ice Age: Continental Drift $877,244,782 2012 [# 31]
32 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring $871,530,324 2001 [# 32]
33 Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith $848,754,768 2005 [# 33]
34 Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen $836,303,693 2009 [# 34]
35 Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2, TheThe Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2 $829,685,377 2012 [# 35]
36 Inception $825,532,764 2010 [# 36]
37 Spider-Man $821,708,551 2002 [# 37]
38 Independence Day $817,400,891 1996 [# 38]
39 Shrek the Third $798,958,162 2007 [# 39]
40 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban $796,688,549 2004 [# 40]
41 E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial $792,910,554 1982 [# 41]
42 Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull $786,636,033 2008 [# 42]
43 Spider-Man 2 $783,766,341 2004 [# 43]
44 Star Wars $775,398,007 1977 [# 44]
45 2012 $769,679,473 2009 [# 45]
46 Da Vinci Code, TheThe Da Vinci Code $758,239,851 2006 [# 46]
47 Shrek Forever After $752,600,867 2010 [# 47]
48 Amazing Spider-Man, TheThe Amazing Spider-Man $752,216,557 2012 [# 48]
49 The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe $745,013,115 2005 [# 49]
50 Matrix Reloaded, TheThe Matrix Reloaded $742,128,461 2003 [# 50]

Highest-grossing films adjusted for inflation Edit

Due to the long-term effects of inflation, notably the significant increase of movie theater ticket prices, the list unadjusted for inflation gives far more weight to later films.[11] The unadjusted list, while commonly found in the press, is therefore largely meaningless for comparing films widely separated in time, as many films from earlier eras will never appear on a modern unadjusted list, despite achieving higher commercial success when adjusted for price increases.[12] To compensate for the devaluation of the currency, some charts make adjustments for inflation, but not even this practise fully addresses the issue since ticket prices and inflation do not necessarily parallel one another. For example, in 1970 tickets cost $1.55 or about $6.68 in inflation-adjusted 2004 dollars; by 1980, prices had risen to about $2.69, a drop to $5.50 in inflation-adjusted 2004 dollars.[13] Ticket prices have also risen at different rates of inflation around the world, further complicating the process of adjusting worldwide grosses.[11]

Another complication is release in multiple formats for which different ticket prices are charged. One notable example of this phenomenon is Avatar, which was also released in 3D and IMAX: almost two-thirds of tickets for that film were for 3D showings with an average price of $10, and about one-sixth were for IMAX showings with an average price over $14.50, compared to a 2010 average price of $7.61 for 2D films.[14] Social and economic factors such as population change[15] and the growth of international markets[16][17][18] also impact on the number of people purchasing theater tickets, along with audience demographics where some films sell a much higher proportion of discounted children's tickets, or perform better in big cities where tickets cost more.[12]

The measuring system for gauging a film's success is based on unadjusted grosses, mainly because historically this is the way it has always been done due to the practices of the film industry: the box office receipts are compiled by theaters and relayed to the distributor, which in turn releases them to the media.[19] Converting to a more representative system that counts ticket sales rather than gross is also fraught with problems due to the fact that the only data available for older films are the sale totals.[15] As the motion picture industry is highly oriented towards marketing currently released films, unadjusted figures are always used in marketing campaigns so that new blockbuster films can much more easily achieve a high sales ranking, and thus be promoted as a "top film of all time",[13][20] so there is little incentive to switch to a more economically robust system from a marketing or even newsworthy point of view.[19]

Despite the inherent difficulties in accounting for inflation, several attempts have been made. Estimates depend on the price index used to adjust the grosses,[20] and the exchange rates used to convert between currencies can also impact upon the calculations, both of which can have an effect on the ultimate rankings of an inflation adjusted list. Gone with the Wind—first released in 1939—is generally considered to be the most successful film, with Guinness World Records estimating its adjusted global gross at $3.3 billion. Estimates for Gone with the Wind's adjusted gross have varied substantially: its owner, Turner Entertainment, also estimated its adjusted earnings at $3.3 billion in 2007, a few years earlier than the Guinness estimate;[21] other estimates fall either side of this amount, with one putting its gross just under $3 billion in 2010,[22] while another provided an alternative figure of about $3.8 billion in 2006.[23] Which film is Gone with the Wind's nearest rival depends on the set of figures used: Guinness have Avatar in second place with nearly $2.8 billion, while other estimates see Titanic in the runner-up spot with first-run worldwide earnings of almost $2.9 billion at 2010 prices. Including the Guinness figures, estimates for Star Wars (1977) range from $2.2–2.7 billion at 2010/11 price levels, while E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial has earned approximately $1.9–2.2 billion, and the $1.9–2.0 billion figure for Jaws is corroborated by The Economist.[22][24]

Highest-grossing films adjusted for inflation[25]
Rank Title Worldwide gross
Template:Small
Year
1 Gone with the Wind $3,301,400,000 1939
2 Avatar $2,782,300,000 2009
3 Star Wars $2,710,800,000 1977
4 Titanic $2,413,800,000Template:Ref 1997
5 The Sound of Music $2,269,800,000 1965
6 E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial $2,216,800,000 1982
7 The Ten Commandments $2,098,600,000 1956
8 Doctor Zhivago $1,988,600,000 1965
9 Jaws $1,945,100,000 1975
10 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs $1,746,100,000 1937

Template:Refbegin Template:Note label Template:Refend

High-grossing films by year Edit

Glossary: Distributor rentals

Box-office figures are reported in the form of gross or distributor rentals, the latter being especially true of older films. Commonly mistaken for home video revenue, the rentals are the distributor's share of the film's theatrical revenue i.e. the box office gross less the exhibitor's cut.[26][27] Historically, the rental price averaged at 35–40% when the distributors owned the theater chains, equating to just over a third of the gross being paid to the distributor of the film.[28] In the modern marketplace, rental fees can vary greatly—depending on a number of factors—although the films from the major studios average out at 43%.[26]

Audience tastes were fairly eclectic during the 20th century, but several trends did emerge. During the silent era, films with war themes were popular with audiences, with The Birth of a Nation (American Civil War), The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The Big Parade and Wings (all World War I) becoming the most successful films in their respective years of release, with the trend coming to an end with All Quiet on the Western Front in 1930. With the advent of sound in 1927, the musical—the genre best placed to showcase the new technology—took over as the most popular type of film with audiences, with 1928 and 1929 both being topped by musical films. The genre continued to perform strongly in the 1930s, but the outbreak of World War II saw war themed films dominate again during this period, starting with Gone with the Wind (American Civil War) in 1939, and finishing with The Best Years of Our Lives (World War II) in 1946. Samson and Delilah (1949) saw the beginning of a trend of increasingly expensive historical dramas set during Ancient Rome/biblical times throughout the 1950s as cinema competed with television for audiences,[29] with Quo Vadis, The Robe, The Ten Commandments, Ben-Hur and Spartacus all becoming the highest-grossing film of the year during initial release, before the genre started to wane after the financially catastrophic Cleopatra in 1963.[30] The success of White Christmas and South Pacific in the 1950s foreshadowed the comeback of the musical in the 1960s with West Side Story, Mary Poppins, My Fair Lady, The Sound of Music and Funny Girl all among the top films of the decade. The 1970s saw a shift in audience tastes to high concept films, with six such films made by either George Lucas or Steven Spielberg topping the chart during the 1980s. The 21st century has seen an increasing dependence on franchises and adaptations, with Avatar in 2009 being the only chart-topper forming an original work.

File:Steven Spielberg 1999.JPG

Steven Spielberg is the most represented director on the chart with six films to his credit, occupying the top spot in 1975, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1989 and 1993. William Wyler (1942, 1946, 1959 and 1968) and Cecil B. DeMille (1947, 1949, 1952 and 1956) are in second place, each with four films, while Leo McCarey (1932, 1944 and 1945), George Roy Hill (1966, 1969 and 1973) and James Cameron (1991, 1997 and 2009) all feature heavily with three films apiece. George Lucas directed two chart-toppers in 1977 and 1999, but also served in a strong creative capacity as a producer and writer in 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984 and 1989 as well. The following directors have also all directed two films on the chart: D. W. Griffith, Frank Lloyd, King Vidor, Frank Capra, Michael Curtiz, Alfred Hitchcock, David Lean, Stanley Kubrick, Guy Hamilton, Mike Nichols, William Friedkin, Peter Jackson and Gore Verbinski; Mervyn LeRoy, Ken Annakin and Robert Wise are each represented by one solo credit and one shared credit, and John Ford co-directed two films. Disney films are usually co-directed and some directors have served on several winning teams: Wilfred Jackson, Hamilton Luske, Clyde Geronimi, David Hand, Ben Sharpsteen, Wolfgang Reitherman and Bill Roberts have all co-directed at least two films on the list. Only five directors have topped the chart in consecutive years: McCarey (1944 and 1945), Nichols (1966 and 1967), Spielberg (1981 and 1982), Jackson (2002 and 2003) and Verbinski (2006 and 2007).

Due to release schedules—especially in the case of films released towards the end of the year—and different release patterns across the world, many films can do business in two or more calendar years; therefore the grosses documented here are not confined to just the year of release. Grosses are not limited to original theatrical runs either, with many older films often being re-released periodically so the figures represent all the business a film has done since its original release; a film's first-run gross is included in brackets after the total if known. In the cases where estimates conflict both films are recorded, and in cases where a film has moved into first place due to being re-released the previous record-holder is also retained. Due to incomplete data it cannot be known for sure how much money some films have made and when they made it, but generally the chart chronicles the films from each year that went on to earn the most. At least one film every year has generated $100 million in gross revenue at the box office since 1967, and from 2008 each year has succeeded in producing a billion dollar grossing film.

Template:Legend
High-grossing films by year of release[31][32][33]
Year Title Worldwide gross Budget Ref(s)
1915 The Birth of a Nation Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0+Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 51][# 52][# 53]
1916 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 54][# 55]
1917 Cleopatra Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 56]
1918 Mickey Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 57]
1919 The Miracle Man Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 58]
1920 Way Down East Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 59][# 60]
1921 The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 61]
1922 Robin Hood Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 62]
1923 The Covered Wagon Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 63]
1924 The Sea Hawk Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 63]
1925 The Big Parade Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref
(Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 64][# 65][# 66]
Ben-Hur Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 67]
1926 Aloma of the South Seas Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Ref TBA [# 68]
For Heaven's Sake Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 59][# 69]
What Price Glory? Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 60]
1927 Wings Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 59][# 70][# 71]
1928 The Singing Fool Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 71][# 72]
1929 The Broadway Melody Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 73][# 74]
Sunny Side Up Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Ref TBA [# 75]
1930 All Quiet on the Western Front Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 76][# 77]
Whoopee! Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 78][# 79][# 77]
1931 Frankenstein Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 80][# 81]
City Lights Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 82]
1932 The Kid from Spain Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Ref TBA [# 78][# 83]
Grand Hotel Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 84][# 83]
1933 King Kong Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 85]
I'm No Angel Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0+Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 86][# 87]
Cavalcade Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 60][# 79]
She Done Him Wrong Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 88]
1934 The Merry Widow Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 89][# 84]
It Happened One Night Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 90][# 91]
1935 Mutiny on the Bounty Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 84][# 92]
1936 San Francisco Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 89][# 84]
1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 93][# 94]
1938 You Can't Take It With You Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 95][# 96]
1939 Gone with the Wind Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0
(Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Ref
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 97][# 98][# 99][# 100]
1940 Pinocchio Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 101][# 94][# 102]
Boom Town Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 103][# 104]
1941 Sergeant York Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 105][# 106]
1942 Bambi Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 107][# 108]
Mrs. Miniver Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 109][# 110]
1943 For Whom the Bell Tolls Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 111][# 112][# 113]
This Is the Army Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 114][# 115][# 113]
1944 Going My Way Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 116][# 117][# 118]
1945 Mom and Dad Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref/Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 119]
The Bells of St. Mary's Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 120]
1946 Song of the South Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 121][# 122][# 123]
The Best Years of Our Lives Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 124][# 125]
Duel in the Sun Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 116][# 126]
1947 Forever Amber Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 75][# 126]
Unconquered Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 127][# 128]
1948 Easter Parade Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 129]
The Red Shoes Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:NtshTemplate:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) [# 116][# 130][# 131]
The Snake Pit Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:RefTemplate:Ref TBA [# 132]
1949 Samson and Delilah Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 133]
1950 Cinderella Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref
(Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0/Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref)
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 134][# 135][# 136]
King Solomon's Mines Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 137]
1951 Quo Vadis Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 133][# 138]
1952 This Is Cinerama Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 139][# 140]
The Greatest Show on Earth Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 141][# 142]
1953 Peter Pan Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 143]
The Robe Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 144][# 145]
1954 Rear Window Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 146][# 138]
White Christmas Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 147][# 148][# 149]
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 150][# 151]
1955 Lady and the Tramp Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 152][# 116][# 153]
Cinerama Holiday Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 154][# 155]
Mister Roberts Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 156]
1956 The Ten Commandments Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 157][# 158]
1957 The Bridge on the River Kwai Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 158]
1958 South Pacific Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 159]
1959 Ben-Hur Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref
(Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0/Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref)
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 160][# 161]
1960 Swiss Family Robinson Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 162]
Spartacus Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 163][# 164]
Psycho Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0+ (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 165]
1961 One Hundred and One Dalmatians Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 166][# 167]
West Side Story Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 168][# 169]
1962 Lawrence of Arabia Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 170][# 171]
How the West Was Won Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 172]
The Longest Day Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 173][# 171]
1963 Cleopatra Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 171]
From Russia With Love Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0/Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref
(Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 174][# 175][# 176]
1964 My Fair Lady Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 177]
Goldfinger Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 174][# 176]
Mary Poppins Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 178][# 177]
1965 The Sound of Music Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 179][# 180]
1966 The Bible: In the Beginning Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 164]
Hawaii Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 181][# 116]
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:RefTemplate:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 182][# 116][# 183]
1967 The Jungle Book Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 184][# 185]
The Graduate Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 186][# 187]
1968 2001: A Space Odyssey Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0
(Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 188][# 189][# 190]
Funny Girl Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 191][# 192]
1969 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 193][# 187]
1970 Love Story Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 194][# 195]
Airport Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 196][# 197]
1971 Diamonds Are Forever Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 174][# 175][# 198]
The French Connection Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 75]
1972 The Godfather Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0
(Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref
Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 199][# 200][# 201]
1973 The Exorcist Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 202][# 203]
The Sting Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 204][# 205]
1974 The Towering Inferno Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 206]
Blazing Saddles Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0+Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 207][# 208]
1975 Jaws Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 209][# 210][# 211]
1976 Rocky Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 212]
1977 Star Wars Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 44][# 213][# 214]
1978 Grease Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 215][# 216][# 186]
1979 Moonraker Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 174][# 217]
Rocky II Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 218][# 219][# 217]
1980 The Empire Strikes Back Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 220]
1981 Raiders of the Lost Ark Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 221]
1982 E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 41][# 213]
1983 Return of the Jedi Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0)Template:Ref Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 222]
1984 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 223]
1985 Back to the Future Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 224]
1986 Top Gun Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 225]
1987 Fatal Attraction Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 226]
1988 Rain Man Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 227]
1989 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 228]
1990 Ghost Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 229]
1991 Terminator 2: Judgment Day Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 230]
1992 Aladdin Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 231]
1993 Jurassic Park Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 18]
1994 The Lion King Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 21]
1995 Die Hard with a Vengeance Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 232]
1996 Independence Day Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 38]
1997 Titanic Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 2]
1998 Armageddon Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 233]
1999 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 13]
2000 Mission: Impossible II Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 234]
2001 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 17]
2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 24]
2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 7]
2004 Shrek 2 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 26]
2005 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 27]
2006 Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 10]
2007 Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 19]
2008 The Dark Knight Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 16]
2009 Avatar Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 (Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0) Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 1][# 235]
2010 Toy Story 3 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 11]
2011 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0Template:Ref [# 4][# 236]
2012 Marvel's The Avengers Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 3]
2013 Iron Man 3 film currently playing Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qno/Fyes/Sno/0 [# 5]

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Timeline of highest-grossing films Edit

File:Birth of a Nation theatrical poster.jpg

At least ten films have held the record of 'highest-grossing film' since The Birth of a Nation assumed the top spot in 1915. Both The Birth of a Nation and Gone with the Wind spent twenty-five consecutive years apiece as the highest-grosser, with films directed by Steven Spielberg holding the record on three occasions and James Cameron—the current holder—twice. Spielberg became the first director to break his own record when Jurassic Park overtook E.T., and Cameron emulated the feat when Avatar broke the record set by Titanic.

Some sources claim that The Big Parade superseded The Birth of a Nation as highest-grossing film, eventually being replaced by Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, which in turn was quickly usurped by Gone with the Wind.[34] Exact figures are not known for The Birth of a Nation, but contemporary records put its worldwide earnings at $5.2 million as of 1919.[35] Its international release was delayed by World War I, and it was not released in many foreign territories until the 1920s; coupled with further re-releases in the United States, its $10 million earnings as reported by Variety in 1932 are consistent with the earlier figure.[36] At this time, Variety still had The Birth of a Nation ahead of The Big Parade ($6,400,000) on distributor rentals, and if its estimate is correct, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs ($8,500,000)[37] would not have earned enough on its first theatrical run to take the record,[38] although it would have been the highest-grossing 'talkie',[39] displacing The Singing Fool ($5,900,000).[40] Although received wisdom holds that it is unlikely The Birth of a Nation was ever overtaken by a silent-era film,[41] the record would fall to Ben-Hur (1925) ($9,386,000) if The Birth of a Nation earned significantly less than its estimated gross.[42] In addition to its gross rental earnings through public exhibition, The Birth of a Nation played at a large number of private, club and organizational engagements which figures are unavailable for.[43] It was hugely popular with the Ku Klux Klan who used it to drive recruitment,[44] and at one point Variety estimated its total earnings to stand at around $50 million.[45] Despite later retracting the claim, the sum has been widely reported even though it has never been substantiated.[35] While it is generally accepted that Gone with the Wind took over the record of highest-grossing film on its initial release—which is true in terms of public exhibition—it is likely it did not overtake The Birth of a Nation in total revenue until a much later date, with it still being reported as the highest earner up until the 1960s.[43] Gone with the Wind itself may have been briefly overtaken by The Ten Commandments (1956), which closed at the end of 1960 with worldwide rentals of $58–60 million[46][47] compared to Gone with the Wind's $59 million;[48] if it did claim the top spot its tenure there was short-lived, since Gone with the Wind was re-released the following year and increased its earnings to $67 million. Depending on how accurate the estimates are, the 1959 remake of Ben-Hur may also have captured the record from Gone with the Wind: as of the end of 1961 it had earned $47 million worldwide,[49] and by 1963 it was trailing Gone with the Wind by just $2 million with international takings of $65 million,[50] ultimately earning $66 million from its initial release.[51]

File:Deep Throat poster 2.jpg

Another film purported to have been the highest-grosser is the 1972 pornographic film, Deep Throat. In 1984, Linda Lovelace testified to a United States Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on juvenile justice that the film had earned $600 million;[52] this figure has been the subject of much speculation, since if it is accurate then the film would have made more money than Star Wars, and finished the 1970s as the highest-grossing film. The main argument against this figure is that it simply did not have a wide enough release to sustain the sort of sums that would be required for it to ultimately gross this amount.[53] Exact figures are not known, but testimony in a federal trial in 1976—about four years into the film's release—showed the film had grossed over $25 million.[54] Roger Ebert has reasoned it possibly did earn as much as $600 million on paper, since mobsters owned most of the adult movie theaters during this period and would launder income from drugs and prostitution through them, so probably inflated the box office receipts for the film.[55]

The Birth of a Nation, Gone with the Wind, The Godfather, Jaws, Star Wars, E.T. and Avatar all increased their record grosses with re-releases. The grosses from their original theatrical runs are included here along with totals from re-releases up to the point that they lost the record; therefore the total for The Birth of a Nation includes income from its reissues up to 1940; the total for Star Wars includes revenue from the late 1970s and early 1980s reissues but not from the 1997 Special Edition; the total for E.T. incorporates its gross from the 1985 reissue but not from 2002; the total for Avatar—as the current record-holder—includes all its earnings at the present time. Gone with the Wind is represented twice on the chart: the 1940 entry includes earnings from its staggered 1939–1942 release (roadshows/first-run engagements/general release)[56] along with all of its revenue up to the 1961 reissue prior to losing the record to The Sound of Music in 1966; its 1971 entry—after it took back the record—includes income from the 1967 and 1971 reissues but omitting later releases. The Godfather was re-released in 1973 after its success at the 45th Academy Awards, and Jaws was released again in 1976, and their grosses here most likely include earnings from those releases. The Sound of Music, The Godfather, Jaws, Jurassic Park and Titanic increased their earnings with further releases in 1973, 1997, 1979, 2013 and 2012 respectively, but they are not included in the totals here since they had already conceded the record prior to being re-released.

Timeline of the highest-grossing film record
Established Title Record setting gross Ref
1915[34] The Birth of a Nation $5,200,000Template:Ref [# 52]
1940 $15,000,000Template:Ref Template:Ref [# 237]
1940[21] Gone with the Wind $32,000,000Template:Ref [# 238]
1963 $67,000,000Template:Ref Template:Ref [# 239]
1966[34] The Sound of Music $112,481,000Template:Ref [# 180]
1971[34] Gone with the Wind $114,000,000Template:Ref Template:Ref [# 240]
1972[34] The Godfather $142,000,000Template:Ref [# 241]
1976[57][58] Jaws $193,700,000Template:Ref [# 210]
1978[59][60] Star Wars $410,000,000/$250,000,000Template:Ref [# 242]
1982 $530,000,000 Template:Ref [# 213]
1983[61] E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial $619,000,000 [# 213]
1993 $701,000,000 Template:Ref [# 243]
1993[34] Jurassic Park $914,691,118 [# 18]
1998[62] Titanic $1,843,201,268 [# 2]
2010[63][64] Avatar $2,749,064,328 [# 1]
$2,782,275,172 Template:Ref

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Highest-grossing franchises and film seriesEdit

File:Dr No trailer.jpg

Prior to 2000, only seven series had grossed over $1 billion at the box office: James Bond,[65] Star Wars,[66] Indiana Jones,[67] Rocky,[68][69][70] Batman,[71] Jurassic Park[72] and Star Trek.[73] Since the turn of the century that number has increased to over thirty;[74] this is partly due to inflation and market growth, but also to Hollywood's adoption of the franchise model: films that have built-in brand recognition, such as being based on a well known literary source (The Lord of the Rings) or an established character (Indiana Jones). The methodology is based on the concept that films associated with things audiences are already familiar with can be more effectively marketed to them, and as such are known as "pre-sold" films within the industry.[24] The Harry Potter series has grossed the most, amassing nearly $8 billion over eight films at the box office, although the EON James Bond series is the highest grossing when adjusted for inflation, with a total of over $13 billion at 2011/12 prices.Template:Refn If ancillary income from merchandising is included, then Star Wars is the most lucrative franchise, earning more than $22 billion in total, with direct income from the films themselves accounting for just one third of overall revenues.[75][9] At constant prices the live-action Star Wars films are also the most consistent performers, earning on average more per film than any other series,[24] while Peter Jackson's Middle-Earth series is the nominal record-holder, averaging at about $980 million with each film earning in excess of $870 million.

Template:Legend
Highest-grossing franchises and film seriesTemplate:Ref label Template:Small
Rank Series Total worldwide
box office
No. of films Average of films Highest-grossing film

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References Edit

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  39. Template:Harvnb. "Walt Disney took a big risk when he decided to invest $1.5 million in his first feature-length animated film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. It became the biggest hit of the sound era and the largest-grossing movie since The Birth of a Nation – until the release of independent producer David O. Selznick's Gone with the Wind just two years later."
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  11. 11.0 11.1 "Toy Story 3 (2010)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=toystory3.htm. Retrieved March 17, 2010. 
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  56. Template:Harvnb. "Domestic Box Office Revenues: $2.0; Production Cost: $0.3 (Unadjusted $s in Millions of $s)."
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    • Way Down East: p. 52. "D.W. Griffith's Way Down East (1920) was projected to return rentals of $4,000,000 on an $800,000 negative. This figure was based on the amounts earned from its roadshow run, coupled with its playoff in the rest of the country's theaters. Griffith had originally placed the potential film rental at $3,000,000 but, because of the success of the various roadshows that were running the $4,000,000 total was expected. The film showed a profit of $615,736 after just 23 weeks of release on a gross of $2,179,613."
    • What Price Glory?: p. 112. "What Price Glory hit the jackpot with massive world rentals of $2,429,000, the highest figure in the history of the company. Since it was also the most expensive production of the year at $817,000 the profit was still a healthy $796,000..."
    • Cavalcade: p. 170. "The actual cost of Cavalcade was $1,116,000 and it was most definitely not guaranteed a success. In fact, if its foreign grosses followed the usual 40 percent of domestic returns, the film would have lost money. In a turnaround, the foreign gross was almost double the $1,000,000 domestic take to reach total world rentals of $3,000,000 and Fox's largest profit of the year at $664,000."
    • State Fair: p. 170. "State Fair did turn out to be a substantial hit with the help of Janet Gaynor boosting Will Rogers back to the level of money-making star. Its prestige engagements helped raked in a total $1,208,000 in domestic rentals. Surprisingly, in foreign countries unfamiliar with state fairs, it still earned a respectable $429,000. With its total rentals, the film ended up showing a $398,000 profit."
  61. Template:Harvnb. "The Four Forsemen of the Apocalypse was to become Metro's most expensive production and one of the decade's biggest box-office hits. Its production costs have been estimated at "something between $600,000 and $800,000." Variety estimated its worldwide gross at $4 million in 1925 and at $5 million in 1944; in 1991, it estimated its cumulative domestic rentals at $3,800,000."
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  70. Template:Harvnb. "At a cost of $2 million Wings was the studio's most expensive movie of the decade, and though it did well it was not good enough to earn a profit."
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    • The Broadway Melody: p. 24. "The Broadway Melody with a negative cost of $379,000, grossed $2.8 million in the United States, $4.8 million worldwide, and made a recorded profit of $1.6 million for MGM."
    • Gold Diggers of Broadway: p. 58. "It grossed an impressive $2.5 million domestically and nearly $4 million worldwide."
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    • Sunny Side Up: p. 10. "Sunny Side Up, a musical starring Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell, showed domestic rentals of $3.5 million, a record for the company."
    • Forever Amber: p. 66. "On the surface, with world rentals of $8 million, Forever Amber was considered a hit at distribution level."
    • The French Connection
    p. 167. "The Planet of the Apes motion pictures were all moneymakers and Zanuck's record would have immediately improved had he stayed through the release of The French Connection, which took in rentals of approximately $75 million worldwide."
    p. 256. "$3,300,00".
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    • Whoopee: p. 212. "Produced by Sam Goldwyn at a cost of $1 million, the picture was an adaptation of a smash musical comedy built around Eddie Cantor...A personality-centered musical, Whoopee! made little attempt to integrate the comedy routines, songs, and story. Nonetheless, Cantor's feature-film debut grossed over $2.6 million worldwide and started a popular series that included Palmy Days (1931), The Kid from Spain (1932), and Roman Scandals (1933)."
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  81. Template:Harvnb. "It drew $1.4 million in worldwide rentals in its first run versus $1.2 million for Dracula, which had opened in February 1931."
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  83. 83.0 83.1 Shanghai Express
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    • Grand Hotel: Production Cost $000s: 700; Distribution Cost $000s: 947; US box-office $000s: 1,235; Foreign box-office $000s: 1,359; Total box-office $000s: 2,594; Profit $000s: 947.
    • The Merry Widow: Production Cost $000s: 1,605; Distribution Cost $000s: 1,116; US box-office $000s: 861; Foreign box-office $000s: 1,747; Total box-office $000s: 2,608; Profit $000s: -113.
    • Viva Villa: Production Cost $000s: 1,022; Distribution Cost $000s: 766; US box-office $000s: 941; Foreign box-office $000s: 934; Total box-office $000s: 1,875; Profit $000s: 87.
    • Mutiny on the Bounty: Production Cost $000s: 1,905; Distribution Cost $000s: 1,646; US box-office $000s: 2,250; Foreign box-office $000s: 2,210; Total box-office $000s: 4,460; Profit $000s: 909.
    • San Francisco: Production Cost $000s: 1,300; Distribution Cost $000s: 1,736; US box-office $000s: 2,868; Foreign box-office $000s: 2,405; Total box-office $000s: 5,273; Profit $000s: 2,237.
  85. King Kong
  86. "I'm No Angel (1933) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/79021/I-m-No-Angel/notes.html. Retrieved January 7, 2012. "According to a modern source, it had a gross earning of $2,250,000 on the North American continent, with over a million more earned internationally." 
  87. Template:Harvnb. "The studio released its most profitable pictures of the decade in 1933, She Done Him Wrong and I'm No Angel, written by and starring Mae West. Produced at a rock-bottom cost of $200,000 each, they undoubtedly helped Paramount through the worst patch in its history..."
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  89. 89.0 89.1 Template:Cite book
    • The Merry Widow: p. 361 Cost: $1,605,000. Earnings: domestic $861,000; foreign $1,747,000; total $2,608,000. Loss: $113,000.
    • San Francisco: p. 364 Cost: $1,300,000. Earnings: domestic $2,868,000; foreign $2,405,000; total $5,273,000. Profit: $2,237,000. [Reissues in 1938–39 and 1948–49 brought profits of $124,000 and $647,000 respectively.]
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  93. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
  94. 94.0 94.1 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and Pinocchio
    p. 207. "When the budget rose from $250,000 to $1,488,423 he even mortgaged his own home and automobile. Disney had bet more than his company on the success of Snow White."
    p. 237. "By the end of 1938, it had grossed more than $8 million in worldwide rentals and was ranked at the time as the second-highest-grossing film after the 1925 epic Ben-Hur".
    p. 255. "On its initial release Pinocchio brought in only $1.6 million in domestic rentals (compared with Snow White's $4.2 million) and $1.9 million in foreign rentals (compared with Snow White's $4.3 million)."
  95. 1938
  96. Chartier, Roy (September 6, 1938). "You Can't Take It With You". Variety. http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117796537. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  97. "Highest box-office film gross – inflation adjusted". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. http://www.webcitation.org/66MhCHqX3. Retrieved March 22, 2012. 
  98. "Gone with the Wind". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/gone-with-the-wind-1939. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  99. Jones, Lon (March 4, 1944). "Which Cinema Films Have Earned The Most Money Since 1914?". The Argus (Melbourne): p. 3 Supplement: The Argus Weekend magazine. 
  100. "Cinema: G With the W". Time: p. 2. December 25, 1939. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,762137,00.html. Retrieved July 6, 2011. 
  101. "Pinocchio (1940)". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/pinocchio-1940. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  102. Template:Cite book
  103. Template:Cite book
  104. Template:Harvnb. "Production Cost: $2.1 (Unadjusted $s in Millions of $s) ... Boom Town was the biggest moneymaker of 1940 and one of the top films of the decade."
  105. Template:Harvnb. "With worldwide rentals of $7.8 million in its initial release, the movie made a net profit of over $3 million."
  106. Template:Harvnb. "The studio did particularly well with its war-related pictures, such as Sergeant York (1941), which cost $1.6 million but was the studio's biggest hit of the decade aside from This is the Army (1943), the Irving Berlin musical for which the profits were donated to the Army Emergency Relief fund."
  107. "Bambi". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/bambi-1942. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  108. Template:Harvnb. "Worldwide rentals of $3,449,353 barely recouped the film's nearly $2 million production cost."
  109. Template:Cite book
  110. Template:Harvnb
    • Mrs. Miniver: Template:Citation
    • Yankee Doodle Dandy: p. 275. "It became the second biggest box-office hit of 1942 (after Mrs. Miniver) and was praised by critics, making a profit of $3.4 million on worldwide rentals of $6.5 million."
  111. Template:Citation In: Template:Harvnb.
  112. "For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/75353/For-Whom-the-Bell-Tolls/notes.html. Retrieved June 24, 2012. 
  113. 113.0 113.1 "A Guy Named Joe (1944) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/191/A-Guy-Named-Joe/notes.html. Retrieved August 29, 2012. "According to M-G-M studio records at the AMPAS Library, the film had a negative cost of $2,627,000 and took in $5,363,000 at the box office. When the picture was re-issued for the 1955-56 season, it took in an additional $150,000." 
  114. Template:Cite journal
  115. "This Is the Army (1943) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/92968/This-Is-the-Army/notes.html. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  116. 116.0 116.1 116.2 116.3 116.4 116.5 Template:Harvnb
  117. Template:Harvnb. "(Unadjusted $s) in Millions of $s – Production Cost: $1.0"
  118. Meet Me in St. Louis
    • Template:Harvnb. "The public had eagerly awaited the debut of Meet Me in St. Louis, which had been highly publicized with the tagline “The Trolley Song' Picture.” not only was the film a resounding success at the box office, but industry praise was overwhelming, with Variety and The Hollywood Reporter going so far as to say it was the role that gave Garland “true stature” as an actress. It made a profit of $2.4 million on worldwide rentals of $6.6 million, making it one of the top films of 1944 and one of the all-time biggest-grossing musical films through 2005."
  119. Template:Cite book
  120. Template:Harvnb
  121. "Song of the South". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1946/0SOTS.php. Retrieved July 10, 2011. 
  122. Template:Cite book
  123. "Song of the South (1946) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/90871/Song-of-the-South/notes.html. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  124. Template:Harvnb
    • p. 132."Best Years was considerably cheaper, costing only $2.1 million, and therefore vastly more profitable."
    • p. 286 (note 6.70). "Worldwide rentals for The Best Years of Our Lives amounted to $14,750,000."
  125. Template:Citation In: Template:Harvnb.
  126. 126.0 126.1 Template:Harvnb. "The cost of Duel in the Sun has been reported as both $5,255,000 (Haver, David O'Selznick's Hollywood, 361) and $6,480,000 (Thomson, Showman: The Life of David O'Selznick, 472); the latter figure may include distribution expenses. Forever Amber cost $6,375,000 (Solomon, Twentieth Century-Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, 243)."
  127. Template:Cite book
  128. "Unconquered (1947) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/4415/Unconquered/notes.html. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  129. Miller, Frank. "Easter Parade (1948) – Articles". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/2332/Easter-Parade/articles.html. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  130. Template:Cite book
  131. Officer, Lawrence H. (2011). "Dollar-Pound Exchange Rate From 1791". MeasuringWorth. http://www.measuringworth.com/datasets/exchangepound/result.php?year_source=1791&year_result=2011. Retrieved November 18, 2012. "1947–1948: $4.03 (per British pound)" 
  132. "The Snake Pit". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. Archived from the original on January 13, 2012. http://www.webcitation.org/64efEVLpS. 
  133. 133.0 133.1 Template:Harvnb
    • Samson and Delilah: "...the film became the highest grosser in the studio's history to date, with domestic rentals of $7,976,730 by 1955 and a further $6,232,520 overseas...For all their spectacle, Samson and David were quite economically produced, costing $3,097,563 and $2,170,000 respectively."
    • Quo Vadis: "Production costs totaled a record $7,623,000...Worldwide rentals totaled $21,037,000, almost half of which came from the foreign market."
  134. "Cinderella". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/cinderella-1950. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  135. Template:Cite book
  136. Template:Cite book
  137. Template:Cite book
  138. 138.0 138.1 Template:Cite book
    • Quo Vadis: p. 15. "MGM's most expensive film of the period, Quo Vadis (1951) also did extremely well. The cost was $7,623,000, earnings were an estimated $21.2 million (with foreign earnings almost 50 percent of this total), and profit was estimated at $5,562,000."
    • Rear Window: pp. 203204. "Rear Window (1954) was an excellent commercial success, with a cost of $1 million and North American rentals of $5.3 million."
  139. Mulligan, Hugh A. (September 23, 1956). "Cinerama Pushing Ahead As Biggest Money-Maker". The Register-Guard (Eugene, Oregon). http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=GPRVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=YeIDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6899,3861317. Retrieved July 7, 2012. 
  140. Template:Cite book
  141. Template:Citation In: Template:Harvnb.
  142. "The Greatest Show on Earth (1952) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/4608/The-Greatest-Show-on-Earth/notes.html. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
  143. "Peter Pan (1953) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/86554/Peter-Pan/notes.html. Retrieved July 24, 2011. 
  144. Template:Harvnb. "To take full advantage of CinemaScope's panoramic possibilities, shooting was delayed for the sets to be redesigned and rebuilt, adding $500,000 to the eventual $4.1 million budget...It ultimately returned domestic rentals of $17.5 million and $25 million worldwide, placing it second only to Gone with the Wind in Variety's annually updated chart."
  145. Template:Harvnb. "It brought in $16.7 million in domestic rentals, $9.4 million in foreign rentals, and made a net profit of $8.1 million."
  146. "Rear Window". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/rear-window-1954. Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  147. "White Christmas". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/white-christmas-1954. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  148. Template:Harvnb. "Domestic Box Office: $19.6 million; Production Cost: $3.8 million."
  149. Template:Harvnb. "VistaVision was first used for the musical White Christmas (1954), which Variety named the top grosser of its year with anticipated domestic rentals of $12 million."
  150. "20000 Leagues Under The Sea". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/20000-leagues-under-the-sea-1954-1900. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  151. Miller, John M. "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954) – Articles". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/20642/20-000-Leagues-Under-the-Sea/articles.html. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  152. "Lady and the Tramp". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/lady-and-the-tramp-1955. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  153. "Lady and the Tramp (1955) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/80607/Lady-and-the-Tramp/notes.html. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  154. Minego, Pete (May 21, 1956). "Pete's Pungent Patter". Portsmouth Daily Times (Portsmouth, Ohio): p. 19. 
  155. "Cinerama Holiday (1955) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/493857/Cinerama-Holiday/notes.html. Retrieved July 7, 2012. 
  156. Template:Harvnb
  157. Template:Cite journal
  158. 158.0 158.1 Template:Harvnb
    • The Ten Commandments: "No film did more to entrench roadshow policy than The Ten Commandments. While the success of This Is Cinerama, The Robe, and even Eighty Days could be attributed, at least in part, to their respective photographic and projection formats, that of DeMille's film (which cost a record $13,266,491) could not...General release began at normal prices in 1959 and continued until the end of the following year, when the film was temporarily withdrawn (the first of several reissues came in 1966). The worldwide rental by this time was around $60 million. In the domestic market it dislodged Gone with the Wind from the number one position on Variety's list of All-Time Rentals Champs. GWTW had hitherto maintained its lead through several reissues (and was soon to regain it through another in 1961)."
    • The Bridge on the River Kwai: Columbia's Anglo-American war film The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) opened on a roadshow basis in selected U.S. cities (including New York, Chicago, Boston, and Los Angeles) and in London. Costing only $2,840,000 to produce, it grossed $30.6 million worldwide on first release."
  159. Template:Harvnb. "South Pacific also became for a time the most successful film ever released in the United Kingdom, where it earned a box-office gross three times its negative cost of $5,610,000. Anticipated global rentals after three years were $30 million."
  160. Template:Cite book
  161. Template:Harvnb. "Worldwide box office: $146.9 million (initial release); Worldwide rentals: $66.1 million (initial release); Production cost: $15.9 million."
  162. Template:Cite book
  163. Template:Cite book
  164. 164.0 164.1 Template:Harvnb.
    • Spartacus: "In the case of Spartacus, overseas earnings to 1969 amounted to $12,462,044, while U.S. and Canadian rentals (even including a million-dollar TV sale) were only $10,643,181. But the film failed to show a profit on production costs of $10,284,014 because of the distribution charges and expenses amounting to an additional $15,308,083."
    • The Bible: "The Bible—In the Beginning... (1966) was financed by the Italian producer Dino De Laurentiis from private investors and Swiss banks. He then sold distribution rights outside Italy jointly to Fox and Seven Arts for $15 million (70 percent of which came from Fox), thereby recouping the bulk of his $18 million investment. Although The Bible returned a respectable world rental of $25.3 million, Fox was still left with a net loss of just over $1.5 million. It was the last biblical epic to be released by any major Hollywood studio for nearly twenty years."
  165. Nixon, Rob. "Psycho (1960) – Articles". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/24944/Psycho/articles.html. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  166. "101 Dalmatians (1961)". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/101-dalmatians-1961. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  167. "One Hundred and One Dalmatians". Variety. December 31, 1960. http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117793715. Retrieved August 23, 2011. 
  168. Template:Cite book
  169. "West Side Story". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1961/0WSSY.php. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  170. Lawrence of Arabia
  171. 171.0 171.1 171.2 Template:Harvnb
    • Lawrence of Arabia: Columbia released the $13.8 million Lawrence of Arabia (1962), filmed in Super Panavision 70, exclusively on a hard-ticket basis, but opened Barabbas (1962), The Cardinal (1963), and the $12 million Joseph Conrad adaptation Lord Jim (1965) as 70mm roadshows in selected territories only."
    • The Longest Day: "Darryl's most ambitious independent production was The Longest Day (1962), a three-hour reconstruction of D-Day filmed in black-and-white CinemaScope at a cost of $8 million. It grossed over $30 million worldwide as a roadshow followed by general release, thereby helping the studio regain stability during its period of reorganization."
    • Cleopatra: "With top tickets set at an all-time high of $5.50,Cleopatra had amassed as much as $20 million in such guarantees from exhibitors even before its premiere. Fox claimed the film had cost in total $44 million, of which $31,115,000 represented the direct negative cost and the rest distribution, print and advertising expenses. (These figures excluded the more than $5 million spent on the production's abortive British shoot in 1960–61, prior to its relocation to Italy.) By 1966 worldwide rentals had reached $38,042,000 including $23.5 million from the United States."
  172. Template:Harvnb. "West cost $14,483,000; although it earned $35 million worldwide in just under three years, with ultimate domestic rentals totaling $20,932,883, high distribution costs severely limited its profitability."
  173. Template:Harvnb. "The film opened to strong trade reviews and took in $33.2 million in worldwide rentals, resulting in a net profit of $4.2 million during its initial release."
  174. 174.0 174.1 174.2 174.3 Template:Harvnb
    • From Russia With Love: "Worldwide Box Office: 78.9; Production Cost: 2.0 (in millions of $s)"
    • Goldfinger: "Worldwide Box Office: 124.9; Production Cost: 3.0 (in millions of $s)"
    • Diamonds Are Forever: "Worldwide Box Office: 116; Production Cost: 7.2 (in millions of $s)"
    • Moonraker: "Worldwide Box Office: 210.3; Production Cost: 34.0 (in millions of $s)"
  175. 175.0 175.1 Template:Cite book
    • From Russia With Love: "The American release of From Russia With Love again followed on some six months after it had been shown in Britain. North American rentals of $9.9 million were an improvement on its predecessor, helped by a slightly wider release, though they were still only half the $19.5 million of foreign rentals... (Online copy at Google Books)"
    • Diamonds Are Forever: "Diamonds Are Forever marked a return to the box-office heights of the Bond films of the mid-1960s. Its worldwide rentals were $45.7 million... (Online copy at Google Books)"
    • Moonraker: "These figures were surpassed by Moonraker, which earned total worldwide rentals of $87.7 million, of which $33 million came from North America. (Online copy at Google Books)"
  176. 176.0 176.1 Template:Cite book
    • From Russia With Love: "The picture grossed twice as much as Dr. No, both domestic and foreign—$12.5 million worldwide (Online copy at Google Books)"
    • Goldfinger: "Produced on a budget of around $3 million, Goldfinger grossed a phenomenal $46 million worldwide the first time around. (Online copy at Google Books)"
  177. 177.0 177.1 Template:Harvnb
    • My Fair Lady: "My Fair Lady (1964) cost Warners $17 million to make, including a record $5.5 million just for the film rights to the Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe stage show and a million-dollar fee for star Audrey Hepburn. By 1967 it was reported to have grossed $55 million from roadshowing worldwide."
    • Mary Poppins: "Mary Poppins (1964), which cost $5.2 million, was neither a stage adaptation nor a roadshow. But by the end of its first release, it had grossed nearly $50 million worldwide."
  178. Template:Citation In: Template:Harvnb.
  179. "The Sound of Music". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/the-sound-of-music-1965. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  180. 180.0 180.1 Thomas, Bob (November 23, 1969). "'Sound of Music' Sound Finance". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press: p. 22. 
  181. "Hawaii". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1966/0HWII.php. Retrieved August 18, 2011. 
  182. "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/who-s-afraid-of-virginia-woolf-1966. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  183. Template:Harvnb. "The negative cost of Warners' adaptation of Edward Albee's play Who's Afraid of Virgina Woolf? (1966)—filmed in widescreen and black-and-white, largely set in domestic interiors and with a cast of only four principal actors—amounted to $7,613,000, in part because stars Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton received up-front fees of $1 million and $750,000 respectively, against 10 percent of the gross apiece. (Their participation was presumably added to the budget)."
  184. "The Jungle Book (1967)". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/the-jungle-book-1967. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  185. "The Jungle Book". Variety. December 31, 1966. http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117792229. Retrieved August 23, 2011. 
  186. 186.0 186.1 Template:Cite book
    • The Graduate: p. 167. "World net rental was estimated at more than $85 million by January 1971."
    • Grease: p. 236. "The film was produced for $6 million and Paramount reportedly spent another $3 million on promotion."
  187. 187.0 187.1 Template:Harvnb
    • The Graduate: "The Graduate eventually earned U.S. rentals of $44,090,729 on a production cost of $3.1 million to become the most lucrative non-roadshow picture (and independent release) to date."
    • Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid: "None of these films was roadshown in the United States; most were set in contemporary America or had a contemporary "take" on the past (the casting of genuine teenagers to play Romeo and Juliet, the urbane sophistication of the dialogue in Butch Cassidy, the antiauthoritarianism of Bonnie and Clyde and MASH); most were produced on modest or medium-sized budgets (as low as $450,000 for Easy Rider and no higher than $6,825,000 for Butch Cassidy); and all grossed upward of $10 million domestically."
  188. Template:Cite book
  189. Miller, Frank. "2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) – Articles". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/628/2001-A-Space-Odyssey/articles.html. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  190. "2001: A Space Odyssey". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1968/02001.php. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  191. Haber, Joyces (March 27, 1969). "'Funny Girl' a Box Office Winner". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2012. http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&tbs=ar%3A1&tbm=nws&q=%22funny+girl%22+%22%2480+to+%24100%22+million+worldwide. Retrieved March 29, 2012. "..."Funny Girl" will gross an estimated $80 to $100 million worldwide." 
  192. Welles, Chris (September 7, 1970). "Behind the Silence at Columbia Pictures—No Moguls, No Minions, Just Profits". New York (New York Media) 3 (36): pp. 42–47. "While Columbia, battling Ray Stark over every dollar, did Funny Girl for around $8.8 million, a million or so over budget, Fox spent nearly $24 million on Hello, Dolly!, more than twice the initial budget, and the film will thus have to gross three times as much to break even." 
  193. Template:Cite journal
  194. Love Story
    • "'Love Story' II: Ryan Redux?". New York (New York Media) 9: p. 389. 1976. "Bring those handkerchiefs out of retirement. ... After all, the first movie made around $80 million worldwide." 
    • "Love Story". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1970/0LOST.php. Retrieved May 13, 2012. "North America:$106,397,186" 
  195. "Love Story". Variety. December 31, 1969. http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117792794. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  196. Scott, Vernon (June 30, 1979). ""Airports" Flourish". The Bryan Times. United Press International: p. 10. 
  197. Template:Harvnb. "Screenwriter and director George Seaton was given a then-whopping production budget of $10 million to make what would be his last big movie after a long career as an actor in radio, a screenwriter, and a director."
  198. Template:Harvnb. "Fiddler had the highest domestic box office of 1971 (it was second in worldwide box office after Diamonds Are Forever), with more than $100 million in unadjusted worldwide box office on its initial release."
  199. The Godfather
  200. Template:Cite book
  201. "The Godfather (1972) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/443184/The-Godfather/notes.html. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  202. "The Exorcist". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/the-exorcist-1973. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  203. Template:Cite book
  204. Template:Citation
  205. "The Sting". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1973/0STNG.php. Retrieved March 26, 2012. 
  206. Template:Harvnb. "The most successful entry in the disaster cycle was the $15 million The Towering Inferno which earned over $48,650,000 in domestic rentals and about $40 million foreign."
  207. Template:Cite book
  208. "Blazing Saddles". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1974/0BSAD.php. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  209. "Jaws". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/jaws-1975. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  210. 210.0 210.1 Kilday, Gregg (July 5, 1977). "Director of 'Jaws II' Abandons His 'Ship'". The Victoria Advocate: p. 6B. 
  211. Template:Cite book
  212. Template:Harvnb. "Rocky was the "sleeper of the decade". Produced by UA and costing just under $1 million, it went on to earn a box-office gross of $117,235,247 in the United States and $225 million worldwide."
  213. 213.0 213.1 213.2 213.3 Wuntch, Philip (July 19, 1985). "Return of E.T.". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&tbs=cdr%3A1%2Ccd_max%3A1990&tbm=nws&q=e.t.+gross+%24619+million. Retrieved March 6, 2012. "Its worldwide box-office gross was $619 million, toppling the record of $530 million set by Star Wars." 
  214. Template:Harvnb. "Eventually costing $11,293,151, Star Wars was previewed at the Northpoint Theatre in San Francisco on May 1, 1977."
  215. "Grease". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/grease-1978. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  216. Template:Cite book
  217. 217.0 217.1 Kramer vs. Kramer
  218. "Rocky II". Boxoffice. http://www.boxoffice.com/statistics/movies/rocky-ii-1979. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  219. Kilday, Greg (May 22, 1992). "Rules of the Game". Entertainment Weekly (119). http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,310543,00.html. Retrieved July 4, 2012. 
  220. The Empire Strikes Back
  221. "Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?page=main&id=raidersofthelostark.htm. Retrieved November 4, 2012. "Total: $389,925,971; North America: $212,222,025 (original run); Overseas: $141,766,000" 
  222. Return of the Jedi
  223. "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=indianajonesandthetempleofdoom.htm. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 
  224. "Back to the Future". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1985/0BCK1.php. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  225. Top Gun
  226. Fatal Atraction
    • "Fatal Attraction". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1987/0FAAT.php. Retrieved October 11, 2011. "Worldwide:$320,100,000" 
    • Scott, Vernon (June 15, 1990). "'Three Men and Baby' Sequel Adds Cazenove to Original Cast". The Daily Gazette. Hollywood (UPI) (New York): p. 9 (TV Plus – The Daily Gazette Supplement). "That legacy is the $167,780,960 domestic box-office and $75 million foreign gross achieved by the original..." 
  227. "Rain Man". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1988/0RNMN.php. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  228. "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1989/0NDN3.php. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  229. "Ghost". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1990/0GHOS.php. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  230. "Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=terminator2.htm. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 
  231. "Aladdin". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1992/0LDDN.php. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  232. "Die Hard: With A Vengeance (1995)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=diehardwithavengeance.htm. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  233. "Armageddon". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1998/ARMAG.php. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  234. "Mission: Impossible II". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=mi2.htm. Retrieved January 6, 2012. 
  235. Patten, D. (December 3, 2009). "'Avatar's' True Cost – and Consequences". The Wrap. Archived from the original on December 16, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5m4EySibe. Retrieved December 12, 2009. 
  236. Frankel, Daniel (17 November 2010). "Get Ready for the Biggest 'Potter' Opening Yet". The Wrap. http://www.thewrap.com/movies/article/get-ready-biggest-potter-opening-yet-22607. Retrieved August 27, 2011. 
  237. "Show Business: Record Wind". Time. February 19, 1940. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20100202110029/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,763541,00.html. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  238. Miller, Frank; Stafford, Jeff (January 5, 2007). "Gone With the Wind (1939) – Articles". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/414427/Gone-With-the-Wind/articles.html. Retrieved January 15, 2012. 
  239. Thomas, Bob (August 1, 1963). "Movie Finances Are No Longer Hidden From Scrutiny". The Robesonian. Associated Press: p. 10. 
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